One of the things that strike anyone that is interested in learning about farming in South Dakota is that at least in the western regions, the land there is ideally suited for dry farming. The only exceptions are Black Hills as well as a small tract of land that lies adjacent as well as is influenced by the Black Hills. This region is primarily rain deficient though a small part of it is irrigated. Furthermore, most efforts to change this part of South Dakota have not been successful.
What is more, most of western South Dakota happens to be a Plains region with many portions of it not being conducive to farming. Even so, there is still enough area available for raising crops. If you are planning on farming in South Dakota and more particularly its western parts, you will want to learn about the kind of soil that you will find there.
Most soil in the western parts of South Dakota is something that is called gumbo or Pierre Clay soil and this kind of soil constitutes about thirty three percent of all the area of this part of South Dakota that lies west of the Missouri River. In order to farm in this part of South Dakota it is necessary to look for light soil as that will help to promote crop production. However, the soil should not light enough for it to be blown away by winds.
Light soil generally does not help in producing high yields and will certainly not provide the same results as you would expect from heavier soil. However, light soil offers the benefit of being able to endure droughts and will still provide yields even when there is partial failure.
If you are planning on farming in South Dakota and its western parts, you should not expect to get as favorable yields as is available in other parts of the state.